Baku – is amazing, original and striking with its tranquility city with centuries-old history, European foundations and eastern hospitality. If you doubt whether it is worth visiting the capital of Azerbaijan, Baku – the answer is unequivocal – worth it!
What to see in Baku?
The most beautiful places and main attractions
Heydar Aliyev Center
Cultural Center, located on the eponymous avenue, which was built by the Turkish construction holding company designed by the famous architect Zahi Hahid. The complex is multifunctional, including spacious conference rooms, a museum, offices and exhibition galleries. The center of Heydar Aliyev was erected for the purpose of studying the cultural values, language, history and traditions of the Azerbaijani nation.
The Old Town of Icheri Sheher
An ancient residential quarter surrounded by a powerful fortress wall. Icheri Sheher is a national historical monument of great cultural value. People have lived in this place since the Bronze Age. During the Early Middle Ages there already existed a fairly dense residential development. In the 17th and early 19th centuries, Icheri Sheher was the capital of the Baku Khanate.
Three skyscrapers, towering in the modern central part of Baku, which are made in the form of flames. Grandiose evening illumination creates the effect of giant torches, aimed at the sky. The lighting design of the Flaming Towers is recognized as the best in the world. The construction of the facilities was completed in 2012. The interior is occupied by the hotel, residential apartments and commercial premises.
The exact time of construction of the structure is unknown. It is believed that it could be erected during the reign of the Sassanian dynasty in the III-VII centuries. or even earlier. In the XII century, tower entered the defensive system of the Baku fortress. Perhaps it was a ritual construction of followers of Zoroastrianism. In 2000, the tower was added to the UNESCO list.
The palace complex of the 13th-16th centuries, built in the Shirvan-Apsheron architectural style. On the territory of the palace was the residence of Shirvanshahs at the time when Baku was the capital of Shirvan. The complex includes the 15th century mosque, the royal tomb, the Divan-khan, the bathhouse and the mausoleum of the medieval scientist and thinker S. Ya. Jalaleddin Bakuvi. Despite the fact that the ensemble’s buildings were erected at different times, it looks quite harmonious.
The temple was built in 1998-99. on the site of a historical mosque of the XII century, blown up in the state program to eradicate religion in the 1930’s. It is believed that the first building was erected according to the project of architect Mahmud ibn Saad. The new building was built in full accordance with the canons of the Shirvan architectural school.
Museum of Azerbaijani Literature
The museum is an important cultural center of Azerbaijan. It contains the world’s largest collection of Azerbaijani literature and conducts serious scientific work. It was founded in 1939, but the first visitors could get here only in May 1945 immediately after the end of the Great Patriotic War. The museum is located in a 19th-century mansion, which underwent capital restoration in the 1960’s.
National Art Museum of Azerbaijan
The gallery exhibits an extensive collection of works by Azerbaijani, Russian and European artists, housed in separate thematic halls. The total number of exhibits is more than 17 thousand. In addition to paintings, the funds contain jewelry, textiles, dishes, carpets, sculptures and other artifacts. The museum was founded in 1936 on the territory of a picturesque 19th century mansion.
National Museum of History of Azerbaijan
The collection is located on an area of about 2 thousand m² and has about 120 thousand items, of which 20 thousand are constantly exhibited. The remaining exhibits are kept in museum funds. The meeting covers a wide period of the history of the eastern part of the Caucasus, including the emergence and decline of kingdoms, the arrival of various religions, the origins of traditions and other cognitive sections. The museum was opened in 1920.
Modern Art Museum
The gallery contains works by masters who created in the XX-XXI centuries. It exhibits around 800 paintings, as well as many photographs, sculptures and various installations. The museum gives an excellent opportunity to get acquainted with the works of contemporary Azerbaijani artists. There is also a department with the works of Western European masters.
Russian Drama Theater. Samad Vurgun
The State Theater of Azebrayjana, founded in 1920. Over the past time, the scene has changed several names, until it was named after the people’s poet S. Vurgun. The repertoire of the theater has always been composed of the best works of Russian and foreign classics, as well as works of Azerbaijani authors. In the years 2006-2008, the general reconstruction of the building was carried out. Every year the repertoire is updated, the poster includes 6-8 new performances.
Opera and Ballet Theater named after M. Akhundov
The scene exists from the beginning of the XX century. The residents of the city call the theater “Baku Opera”. Here at one time were F. Shalyapin, M. Plisetskaya, E. Obraztsova, M. Caballe, V. Gordeev and other stars of the ballet and opera stage. The contemporary repertoire consists of immortal classical works.
State flag area
The area adorned the capital of Azerbaijan in 2010. The project was developed by an American architectural company in co-authorship with an Azerbaijani firm. The area covers an area of 60 hectares. In the middle there is a 162-meter spire, topped with a national flag of giant dimensions (length – 70 meters, width – 35 meters, weight – about 350 kg).
The city park, built in the 1930’s. Throughout the Soviet period in the history of Azerbaijan, he enjoyed great popularity among the residents of the capital. In the 1990’s. on the territory of the park were buried people who died during the events of Black January. Since then it has been declared a memorial. In the park there is an observation deck, which can be reached by the city cable car.
One of the first areas of Baku, the architectural appearance of which took shape by the middle of the XIX century. The place is surrounded by green alleys and urban monuments of the XIX-XX centuries: the Grand Hotel, the old cinema, museums and the Armenian temple. In the center is a fountain with an original sculptural group. In 2010, the area was reconstructed, as a result of which the terrain acquired a more modern look.
Also worthy of special attention is Little Venice – this amazing corner of Boulevard will amaze you with beauty and splendor, especially in the evening – take a ride on boats (3 manats – 5 dollars) over the brilliant surface of artificial canals decorated with marvelous islets with exotic trees, white marble stairs, tunnels and fountains. Impressions and emotions from this walk will remain with you for a long time.
Funicular in Baku
By the way, walking along the Boulevard, do not forget to visit the newly built funicular – believe us, the view of Baku from a bird’s eye view will amaze even the most reserved tourist. If you are lucky, you will go for free – after the Eurovision song contest 2012 the funicular works at the expense of the state, although according to the assurances of the employees, soon the fare will still be charged in the amount of 70 cents.