Discover Nakhchivan150Nakhchivan(Nakhichevan) is the cradle of Azerbaijani culture and history, the exclave of Azerbaijan, surrounded on all sides by Iran and Turkey. Historical monuments and villages of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic are surrounded by amazing semi-desert landscapes, fields of melons and melons with sharp peaks.
Nakhchivan is one of the oldest cities not only in Azerbaijan but also in the world. The date of its foundation is attributed to 1500 BC, and the founder of the city, many consider Noah himself. They say that aksakals still lived in the city, they knew where the grave of the biblical hero was. Even the name of the city, by some sources, means nothing other than “first landing”, the place where people and beasts who were saved during the flood landed from the legendary Noah’s Ark.
Nature of the region
Nakhchivan and the republic as a whole have beautiful and diverse nature. For the most part, this is a mountainous terrain, covered with forests and riddled with a multitude of rivers. In the thick greenery of the forest there live various wild animals. Rare animal species are protected by the Ordubad state nature reserve, Shahbuz and Priaraz natural reserves. There are also spacious plains in the republic, and beautiful mountain lakes, and many natural springs of curative mineral waters.
Badamly(Badamli) – In the Shakhbuz district of NAR(Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic), in a picturesque valley where wild almonds and grapes grow, there is a source of mineral water Badamli, on the basis of which the Badamli physiotherapeutic hospital works. Local springs give 2.5 thousand liters of curative water a day. Drink “Badamli” helps not only to quench thirst, but also to treat diseases of the stomach.
Sirab – The source of this water, a type of Borjomi, is located near the village of Sirab, also known as the architectural complex of the Bronze Age of Dashgal.
Weihir(Vaichir) – In 17 kilometers from Nakhchivan there is a mountain spring of mineral water, which is used not only for the treatment of gastritis and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, but also for diabetes mellitus.
Darydag – The unique composition of this water and its high temperature allow you to treat joints by taking regular baths. In addition, it is very useful for the stomach. The source is located 8 kilometers north of the city of Julfa. Here is the Darydag Balneological Clinic.
Nahajir – This resort is located on the slope of the mountain of the same name, in the northeast of the city of Nakhchivan. A local mountain spring is used to treat anemia and digestive organs.
Batabat – The resort area on the shore of the eponymous mountain lake, located 62 kilometers to the north-east of Nakhchivan . Mountain air, mineral springs, favorable climate and beautiful landscapes – everything here helps to strengthen the body
The architectural complex, built in the XVIII century, with wealth and luxury is quite consistent with the status of its former owner. Over a hundred years the Khan’s family lived in the palace. Earlier, next to the palace, there was a second building, in which events were held, and also the distinguished guests of the khan stayed. In its original form, the courtyard of the Khan’s palace with a swimming pool, a well and a garden of fruit trees and a decorative shrub has been preserved. At the present time, the Nakhchivan Carpet Museum is located in the palace.
The funerary structure of the XII century is a vivid example of ancient oriental architecture. The monument consists of underground and above ground parts. Under the ground is a crypt, in which the remains of an ancient sheikh are buried. The crypt has a domed arch that separates it from the above-ground part of the structure. You can go down to it on the stone steps. The above-ground part of the mausoleum is a beautiful white-stone tower adorned with ornaments and kufic inscriptions, in which all the dignities and titles of the deceased shaykh are listed. Also there is a signature of the author of the building with the date of its construction and excerpts from the Koran.
The old fortress, known to science under the name of Eszdagerd, and popularly known as Kekhnya-Gala, is located in the southeastern part of the city of Nakhchivan. The age of this archaeological monument has not yet been accurately determined. The fortress was repeatedly destroyed and restored. Presumably, life in it lasted until the XVIII century. Most of the fortress is destroyed, however, there are round towers and fortress walls. Fortress buildings were equipped with ventilation vents, wells, underground passage and a secret shelter for three hundred people. There was also a trap for the enemy invaders – a stone sack, from which there was no way out.
Near the ruins of the fortress Kekhnya-Gala is an ancient funerary structure. Presumably, it was part of a temple that was completely destroyed. The mausoleum itself, apparently, was restored in the VIII century. According to legend, here are stored the relics of the biblical prophet Noah.
On the territory of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, many rock drawings have been discovered, indicating the early presence of a person in these places. The greatest concentration of these drawings is on the southern and eastern slopes of Mount Gapyjik. Many drawings are attributed to the IV – III millennium BC. Most of the drawings depict all kinds of animals: goats, bulls, Red deer, wolves and a panther. On some pictures bulls are portrayed in harnessed. There are also images of man: everyday scenes, dance ceremonies, archers and even people of fantastic shapes.
There is also option to travel by plane to Nakhchivan