Ganja – City Of Treasures75Ganja is the second largest city in Azerbaijan. It is located on the northeast of the foot of the Lesser Caucasus, on the banks of the Ganjachay River.
The legend says that the city was founded on the site where the traveler Maazid found several boilers filled with gold and precious stones. Ganja was named in honor of this discovery, and Ganja is often called the “city of treasures”.
Ganja is an ancient city with cozy houses made of red brick, tea-houses, mosques and temples. There are many interesting sights here. The Juma Mosque, Nizami Mausoleum, Lake Goygol are the most famous of them.
Climate and weather
The climate of Ganja is warm and dry. In summer, the thermometer often stops at + 30 ° C. In winter, small frosts often occur. The city protects the Caucasus from the winds. The winds are not very pleasant here: in the summer they pick up dust, and in the winter they bring a cold snap.
Ganja attracts its beautifully planned streets and park ensembles. You will like the architectural landscape of the city. Ganja lies at the foot of the mountains, covered with amazing emerald vegetation, a lot of murmuring streams. In the mountains, you can find ancient stone sculptures of animals.
Lake Goygol is one of the most famous lakes in Transcaucasia. It is located at the foot of Mount Kapaz, and was formed as a result of the earthquake of 1138. Lake Goygol is part of the Goygol Reserve, which provides security and inviolability of nature and wildlife of Ganja. Visiting this reserve is a must for tourist routes. The air of the reserve has a healing effect on people with respiratory diseases and nervous system disorders.
Residents of Ganja are proud of their sights.
At the entrance to the city of travelers meets the mausoleum of the poet Nizami. Ganja is inextricably linked with the name of this poet, so the city has a lot of images of the famous countryman. The mausoleum and to this day is a place of pilgrimage of poets from all over the world.
A visit to the architectural ensemble of Sheikh Bahauddin will be truly unforgettable. This monument of architecture of the XVII century includes a caravanserai, a mosque of Shah Abbas (Juma mosque), a medieval bathhouse (Chekyak-Hamam).
Cheyak-Hamam (bathhouse) consists of two communicating halls. This bath was very popular among the townspeople and worked until 1963. Today Cheyak-Hamam is, above all, a cultural monument, since 2002 it has been under the protection of UNESCO.
There are several Christian churches in the city that deserve attention.
The bottle house is one of the most outlandish sights of Ganja. This two-story house is decorated with approximately 50,000 glass bottles and stones
Not far from the city is the world famous Naftalan resort. There is a sanatorium in which the medicinal properties of oil extracted here are actively used. Sanatorium specializes in the treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system and dermatological diseases.